Upcycling processes for primary and secondary resources
General theme: Process development, from concept to fully-operational pilot-plan scale, for the transformation of residues into novel engineered materials that society needs. Focus is on hydrometallurgical (e.g. bauxite residue, also known as “red mud”) and pyrometallurgical residues (e.g. ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy slags), and attention is given to the metallurgical process itself so that it delivers a more promising precursor. In view of the high volumes, the end-materials are typically used in construction.