Pyro- and electrometallurgical processes
General theme: Pyrometallurgical and electrometallurgical unit processes are developed and integrated into near-zero-waste flow sheets for the production and recovery of base and critical metals such as iron and steel, copper, zinc, nickel, cobalt, lead, rare earth metals and precious metals. Both experimental and modelling methodologies are developed. The experimental work covers the full range from lab to industrial scale and is supported by advanced characterisation techniques (cf. Research Line 1) and modelling approaches.