Sustainable metallurgical processes

A. Malfliet, et al., Degradation mechanisms and use of refractory linings in copper production processes: A critical review, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 34 (3), 2014, 849-876.
D. Durinck, et al.. Hot stage processing of metallurgical slags. Resources Conservation and Recycling, 52 (10), 2008, 1121-1131.
S. Arnout, M. Guo et al., Experimental determination of CaO-CrO-Cr2O3-MgO-SiO2and thermodynamic modeling of the CaO-CrO-Cr2O3-MgO-SiO2, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 92, 2009, 1831-1839.
J. Liu, et al., In situ observation of the direct and indirect dissolution of MgO particles in CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 based slags. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 27, 2007, 1961-1972.
T. Van Gerven, et al., Extraction of heavy metals from municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) bottom ash with organic solutions, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 140 (1-2), 2007, 376-381.
D. Dupont and K. Binnemans, Rare-earth recycling using a functionalized ionic liquid for the selective dissolution and revalorization of Y2O3:Eu3+ from lamp phosphor waste Green Chemistry 17, 856–868 (2015).
K. Binnemans, P.T. Jones, B. Blanpain, T. Van Gerven, Y. Pontikes, Towards zero-waste valorisation of rare-earth-containing industrial process residues: a critical review Journal of Cleaner Production 99, 17–38 (2015).
T. Vander Hoogerstraete, S. Wellens, K. Verachtert, K. Binnemans, Removal of transition metals from rare earths by solvent extraction with an undiluted phosphonium ionic liquid: separations relevant to rare-earth magnet recycling, Green Chemistry 15, 919-927 (2013).
D. Dupont, K. Binnemans, Recycling of rare earths from NdFeB magnets using a combined leaching/extraction system based on the acidity and thermomorphism of the ionic liquid [Hbet][Tf2N] Green Chemistry 17, 2150–2163 (2015).
K. Larsson and K. Binnemans, Separation of rare earths by split-anion extraction, Hydrometallurgy 156, 206–214 (2015).
J. Roosen, S. Van Roosendael, C.R. Borra, T. Van Gerven, S. Mullens, K. Binnemans, Recovery of scandium from leachates of Greek bauxite residue by adsorption on functionalized chitosan-silica hybrid materials, Green Chemistry, 16, 2005-2013 (2016).
K. Binnemans, P.T. Jones, B. Blanpain, T. Van Gerven, Y. Yang, A. Walton, M. BuchertRecycling of rare earths: a critical review, Journal of Cleaner Production 51, 1-22 (2013)
C.R. Borra, Y. Pontikes, K. Binnemans, T. Van Gerven, Leaching of rare earths from bauxite residue (red mud) Minerals Engineering 76, 20–27 (2015).
D. Dupont, K. Binnemans, Antimony recovery from the halophosphate fraction in lamp phosphor waste: a zero-waste approach, Green Chemistry, 18, 176-185 (2016).