Upcycling of Low-grade Materials Raw materials and residues are upcycled through innovative processes leading to new applications. The developed processes and materials demonstrate a sustainability advantage over existing ones and are industrially realistic. In terms of raw materials, attention is placed on clays, sludges, ashes, residues and tailings, whereas, as processes, alkali activation,
Sustainability Assessment and Policy Research The Research Line investigates the economic and environmental feasibility of new flow sheets for the recovery of metals and/or minerals from end-of-life consumer goods, industrial process residues and low-grade ores. Particular attention goes out to the legal, social and economic bottlenecks, while assessing also the opportunities and possible incentives for
The “Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices” Conference took place in Leuven in October 2015.