Upcycling of Low-grade Materials
Raw materials and residues are upcycled through innovative processes leading to new applications. The developed processes and materials demonstrate a sustainability advantage over existing ones and are industrially realistic. In terms of raw materials, attention is placed on clays, sludges, ashes, residues and tailings, whereas, as processes, alkali activation, carbonation, (bio-)leaching, and high temperature processes, involving hydrothermal synthesis, liquid-phase sintering and clinkering, are investigated.
The leading members in this research line are: