Research Lines

Research in SIM² KU Leuven Performed in four interconnected Research Lines (RLs)

RESEARCH LINE 1

Base Metal Production and Recovery

RESEARCH LINE 2

Critical Metal Recovery

RESEARCH LINE 3

Upcycling of Low-Grade Materials

RESEARCH LINE 4

Sustainability Assessment and Policy Research

RESEARCH LINE 5

Process Intensification

SIM² KU Leuven targets zero-waste valorisation of fresh and landfilled urban and industrial waste. Key focus areas are (1) the direct (preconsumer) recycling of metal scrap and swarf generated during the production of metal based (intermediate) products and (2) the (postconsumer) recycling and/or urban mining of, respectively, flows and stocks of complex, multi-material, metal-containing products (as for instance a hybrid electric vehicle). (3) landfill mining of historic urban solid waste, (4) metal recovery from flows of industrial process residues from primary and secondary metal production and, finally, (5) metal recovery from stocks of landfilled mining waste and industrial process residues. The zero-waste vision implies that for (4) and (5) the residual mineral matrixes are valorised in building or engineered materials.