Research Lines

BASE METAL PRODUCTION AND RECOVERY

Pyro-, hydro-, solvo- and electrometallurgical unit processes are developed and integrated into zero- waste flow sheets for the production and recovery of base metals such as iron and steel, copper, zinc, nickel and lead.  Both

CRITICAL METAL RECOVERY

Innovative, efficient - cleantech - processes are developed for the recovery of rare-earth elements (REEs) and other critical metals (PGMs, Ge, In, Sb, Ga, Co, Ta) from end-of-life consumer goods, industrial process residues and low-grade

UPCYCLING OF LOW-GRADE MATERIALS

Upcycling of Low-grade Materials Raw materials and residues are upcycled through innovative processes leading to new applications. The developed processes and materials demonstrate a sustainability advantage over existing ones and are industrially realistic.

SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT AND POLICY RESEARCH

Sustainability Assessment and Policy Research The Research Line investigates the economic and environmental feasibility of new flow sheets for the recovery of metals and/or minerals from end-of-life consumer goods, industrial process residues and low-grade ores.